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E-Bike Laws

Utah law identifies E-bikes as a traditional pedal bike that is propelled by human power and equipped with an assisting motor.  Utah recognizes three classes of E-bikes. Each class is limited to a 750W (1 Horsepower) motor and has a maximum assisted speed of 20-28mph. Below, every reference to E-bikes is based on this definition. Considering E-bike laws, every state is different. Many states have adopted the three class system; many have not.  Often, counties will have their own area-specific rules regarding E-bikes. Here's a breakdown of laws that apply to electric bike use in Utah, keeping in mind that each county may have slight variations on local paths and trails.

E-Bike Laws for the Road

  • E-bikes are regulated like bicycles. The same rules of the road apply to both electric and human-powered bicycles.
  • E-bikes are not subject to the registration, licensing or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles.
  • Utah designates three classes of E-bikes that categorize E-bikes based on motor size, max assisted speed, and throttle-assist.
  • E-bikes are allowed on bike paths.
  • E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks.

E-Bike Laws for Trails

Unfortunately, there's a lot of confusion regarding E-bike use on mountain trails. This exists because local, state, and federal land agencies have yet to draft concise rules governing E-bike usage. Please contact your local and state land management agencies to voice your support of E-bikes on Utah trails.

  • LOCAL: Consult your local land management agency.
  • STATE: Utah State Parks does not currently have an E-bike (eMTB) policy. Contact the department (801-538-RIDE) for the most up to date information. 
  • FEDERAL: On federal lands, eMTBs are considered motorized vehicles and have access to motorized trails. Contact the U.S. Forest Service - Intermountain Region (801-625-5605) or the BLM Utah State Office (801) 539-4001) for more information.

eMTB Guidelines

Motorized trails:

  • E-bikes can be ridden in any area or trail where OHVs are currently allowed.

Non-motorized trails:

  • E-bikes are allowed on trails limited to bicycles and non-motorized travel ONLY IF a BLM Manager issues a written decision authorizing E-bike use in accordance with applicable laws and regulations
  • Similar to traditional bicycles, E-bikes are not allowed in designated wilderness areas and may not be appropriate for back-country trails.
  • Do not ride your eMTB in areas where the local rules are unclear. Ride legally and only on authorized trails. When in doubt, ask your local land manager about access to specific trails. Local land rules change frequently.
  • Be a responsible trail users at all times. Be kind, pull over, and say 'Hello!'.