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Bike Size Charts And Sizing Guide

We’ve compiled a helpful guide to bike sizing that makes figuring out the right size a whole lot easier. Below you’ll find great info on how different bikes are sized and how to find the best fit for men, women, and kids. Consulting a bike shop is always the best way to get the best fit, but this article will help you get a good idea of where you sit.

Read on for the full story or use the navigation buttons to skip to specific sections.

How do you figure out your bike size?

Bike sizing can be a bit of a pain sometimes because there isn't always one universal system of measurement that’s the same for all types of bikes and all riders.

Depending on whether you’re looking for an adult bike, a kid’s bike, a road bike, or a mountain bike, you’ll find that there are a few ways that manufacturers designate size. Keep reading to learn how bikes are sized.

family riding bikes

Adult bike sizing vs kid bike sizing

In a nutshell, adult bikes are sized by the frame, and kids bikes are sized by the wheel.

That means that there are two completely different measurement systems between adult and kids bikes. As children grow they’ll obviously start to fit on small adult bikes, but generally, kids 12 and younger will fit on bikes that are measured by the size of the wheels.

woman riding bike

Women’s bike sizing

While some companies offer women-specific models with designs that aim to incorporate better-fitting components, there is no substantial difference between men’s and women’s bike sizes. Both women and men can use the same adult bike size charts below to find a great fit.

Road bike sizing vs mountain bike sizing

To make matters a little more confusing, sizing can also vary between styles of bike or the company that makes them. For example, road bikes and mountain bikes will often use different numbers to designate sizes.

Without going into too much detail, bike size used to be determined by measuring specific parts of the bike, like the seat tube. However, over time manufacturers have decided to update their measurement system since bike geometries have changed considerably. The goal was actually to make it easier for people, but since some companies still stick with the old systems, it can be a bit puzzling.

Important Info About Bike Size Charts

In the sections below we have broken down a few size charts for road bikes, mountain bikes, hybrid bikes, and kids bikes. It’s important to note that there is no single bike size chart that is universal to all brands or styles. Many bike manufacturers differ slightly in their sizing, but the charts below will give you a good idea of where to start.

Road Bike Size Chart

Road bikes will often use measurements in centimeters to denote frame sizes. If you’re looking at a road bike and you don’t know what size it is, start by measuring the seat tube, as that will give you a good ballpark idea.

Size
Height
Inseam
47152.0 - 158.0 cm
4'11.8" - 5'2.2"
71.0 - 75.0 cm
28.0" - 29.5"
50158.0 - 163.0 cm
5'2.2" - 5'4.2"
74.0 - 77.0 cm
29.1" - 30.3"
52163.0 - 168.0 cm
5'4.2" - 5'6.1"
76.0 - 79.0 cm
29.9" - 31.1"
54168.0 - 174.0 cm
5'6.1" - 5'8.5"
78.0 - 82.0 cm
30.7" - 32.3"
56174.0 - 180.0 cm
5'8.5" - 5'10.9"
81.0 - 85.0 cm
31.9" - 33.5"
58180.0 - 185.0 cm
5'10.9" - 6'0.8"
84.0 - 87.0 cm
33.1" - 34.3"
60185.0 - 190.0 cm
6'0.8" - 6'2.8"
86.0 - 90.0 cm
33.9" - 35.4"
62190.0 - 195.0 cm
6'2.8" - 6'4.8"
89.0 - 92.0 cm
35.0" - 36.2"

Mountain Bike Size Chart

Mountain bikes will either be measured in inches or, more likely, in a consumer-friendly Small/Medium/Large hierarchy. Newer mountain bikes can be tough to size without the help of a sticker or stamp on the frame, as geometries have changed so much in recent years that measuring tubes won’t typically give you very good insights.

Height
Inseam
XS13.5"137.0 - 155.0 cm
4'5.9" - 5'1.0"
64.0 - 73.0 cm
25.2" - 28.7"
S15.5"153.0 - 166.5 cm
5'0.2" - 5'5.6"
72.0 - 79.0 cm
28.3" - 31.1"
M17.5"161.0 - 172.0 cm
5'3.4" - 5'7.7"
76.0 - 81.0 cm
29.9" - 31.9"
M/L18.5"165.5 - 179.0 cm
5'5.2" - 5'10.5"
77.0 - 84.0 cm
30.3" - 33.1"
L19.5"177.0 - 188.0 cm
5'9.7" - 6'2.0"
83.0 - 88.0 cm
32.7" - 34.6"
XL21.5"186.0 - 196.0 cm
6'1.2" - 6'5.2"
87.0 - 92.0 cm
34.3" - 36.2"
XXL23.0"195.0 - 203.0 cm
6'4.8" - 6'7.9"
92.0 - 95.0 cm
36.2" - 37.4"

Hybrid Bike Size Chart

Hybrid bikes like commuters and fitness bikes are great all arounders that are extremely versatile and often very affordable. Most hybrid bikes use a Small/Medium/Large measurement system, but you might find a few companies who still use inches as the size denotation.

Size
Height
Inseam
S155.0 - 165.0 cm
5'1.0" - 5'5.0"
72.0 - 78.0 cm
28.3" - 30.7"
M165.0 - 175.0 cm
5'5.0" - 5'8.9"
77.0 - 83.0 cm
30.3" - 32.7"
L175.0 - 186.0 cm
5'8.9" - 6'1.2"
82.0 - 88.0 cm
32.3" - 34.6"
XL186.0 - 197.0 cm
6'1.2" - 6'5.6"
87.0 - 93.0 cm
34.3" - 36.6"
XXL197.0 - 203.0 cm
6'5.6" - 6'7.9"
92.0 - 95.0 cm
36.2" - 37.4"

Kids Bike Size Chart

As we stated above, kids bikes are measured by the size of their wheels, and it’s much more straightforward than adult sizing. A 12-inch bike has 12-inch wheels, a 16-inch bike has 16-inch wheels, and so on. Here is a great general kids bike size chart to get started, but it’s always best to have your child try a bike before you buy it.

Size
Height
Typical* Age
12" wheel86.0 - 102.0 cm
2'9.9" - 3'4.2"
2 - 4
16" wheel99.0 - 117.0 cm
3'3.0" - 3'10.1"
4 - 6
20" wheel114.0 - 132.0 cm
3'8.9" - 4'4.0"
6 - 8
24" wheel130.0 - 150.0 cm
4'3.2" - 4'11.1"
8 - 12
26" wheel146.0 - 160.0 cm
4'9.5" - 5'3.0"
12 +

How to check if a bike is the right size

Let’s say you’re standing in front of a bike that you’re interested in buying and you even know what size bike it is. According to all the size charts, the bike should be about right, but how do you know for sure? And what if you’re right on the line between two sizes? Read on to learn some of the most important things to consider when looking for the perfect fit.

Standover Height

Standover height is essentially the distance between the top tube and the ground at the point where you stand over the bar. This is an important measurement to get right because you’ll want some space between your groin and the bar when you hop off the seat. For most bikes you’ll want an inch or more of standover room for a super comfortable fit. You can easily test this by pulling the bike up until it touches your body when you’re standing. If you can pull the wheels up an inch or more, you should have plenty of space.

Leg Extension

After you’ve made sure you have enough standover room, you’ll want to make sure your legs have the proper amount of extension. You can adjust the seat height to get the right fit, but if you’ve jacked the seatpost up to the max and your legs are still very bent when you pedal, you might need a bigger size.

Here’s how to get proper leg extension:

On the downstroke, or when the pedal is closest to the ground, you should look to have around a 15-20° bend in your knee. Depending on the person you may prefer more or less bend, but you want to avoid having your knees come up too high when you pedal, which is uncomfortable, inefficient, and bad for your joints.

Another way to check your leg extension is to put your foot on the pedal and see if you can lower your heel below the axle of the pedal on the downstroke. If you can push your heel a little further than the axle, that’s often an optimum position in terms of efficiency and comfort.

Reach

Reach is pretty much what it sounds like. Specifically, the official reach measurement is usually the horizontal distance between the bottom bracket and the head tube. More generally, it translates to how far you have to reach to grab the handlebars.

Reach is something to consider mostly when you’re an experienced rider and you’re in between two sizes. Selecting a bike with a longer reach will feel “roomier”, more stable at speed, and generally more confident on technical terrain. A shorter reach will help the bike feel more responsive, but depending on what kind of riding you do, that may or may not be what you’re after.

Bike sizing FAQs

What size bicycle is right for my height?


Before you think about what size bike you are, you’ll want to decide what kind of bike you want. As we state in the article above, road bikes and mountain bikes often use a different sizing system, so figure out what style you’re looking for first, then consult the charts above.

Road bike size chart

Mountain Bike size chart

Hybrid Bike size chart

Should your feet touch the ground on a bike? 


 

Ideally you should be able to touch your toes to the ground when sitting on the seat, but if you can put your feet flat on the ground it often means that your seat height is too low. If your seat is too low, your knees will be overly bent when pedaling and that can cause discomfort and joint pain, not to mention it’s not a very efficient way to ride.

If you feel more comfortable with your feet flat on the ground, check out Electra bikes. They use something called Flat Foot Technology which is a frame design where the pedals are moved forward on the frame so you can get proper leg extension while pedaling but still put your feet flat on the ground when you want to.

Shop Electra Bikes

Should your legs be straight when riding a bike?


You don’t want your leg to be totally straight on the down stroke, but you don’t want it overly bent either. As we state in the article above, try to get a 15-20° bend in your knee on the down stroke, or position your seat so your heel can reach below the pedal axle. This is all subjective, the most important thing is to find what works for you.

How much does a bike fitting cost?


A professional bike fitting is more exact and thorough than a bike shop employee giving you some quick advice. At The Bike Shoppe we offer professional bike fitting services so you can get the most comfort and performance out of your ride. We offer fittings for recreational riders, as well as racers and triathletes.

Explore Bike Fitting Packages

Do I need a 26 or 29 bike?


26-inch wheels were the mountain bike standard in the past, but most mid and upper tier mountain bikes you’ll see on the market today use either 29-inch wheels or the slightly smaller 27.5-inch wheels. 29ers and 27.5+ bikes have faster top speeds and roll over obstacles easier than 26-inch wheels, so if you want to ride off-road, you’ll appreciate bigger tires. 26-inch wheels are often great for kids who have graduated from their 24-inch kids bike but aren’t quite big enough to use the bigger wheels found on most adult bikes.

Shop 26 inch mountain bikes

Shop 27.5 inch mountain bikes

Shop 29 inch mountain bikes

What size bike does a ____ year old need?


Kids bike sizing is more about height, inseam, and confidence than age. One 8 year old might ride a different size bike than another 8 year old. Because kids grow at different rates, the absolute best way to get the right size kids bike is by having them try it out. But certainly check out the size chart above so you can get a good idea of where they might be.

Kids bike size chart

Shop 12 inch kids bikes

Shop 16 inch kids bikes

Shop 20 inch kids bikes

Shop 24 inch kids bikes

What size is a 26 inch bike?


The 26 in a 26 inch bike refers to the wheel size, so that measurement isn’t always the best way to judge how big a bike is. Some youth bikes are measured by this wheel size, but more commonly you’ll find 26-inch wheels on a variety of adult frame sizes.

Shop 26-inch bikes

Is a 26 inch bike for adults? 


In short, yes! 26-inch wheels are used on adult bikes and have been for years. That being said, most modern mountain bikes have switched to 27.5” and 29” inch wheels for their superior speed, traction, and rollover power. However, 26 inch wheels are super strong and universally available, so bike tourers often use them for traveling abroad.